Youth towards Democracy
(First published date: 2006/2007 )
Youth, conflict and democracy are associated terms; when one is altered, the other is affected. When the youth of a certain nation is disengaged or misguided, then they might create conflict and democracy might be terminated like scrap metal. When democracy itself is entrapped then so are the youth and conflict.
A democracy is a government of people’s authority. Equality regarding social, economic and political aspects, equal justice, rights and freedom, decentralization policy, classlessness, religious tolerance, no racial discrimination, no suppression of the management and system, etc. are terms that come under the democratic principle. History shows that only the strategies of adults and the blood of youth can achieve democracy. In the present context, youth should also possess the intention to think about democracy and to revolutionize the nation and the world through it.
As synonyms, peace and democracy are correlated. When one is unnatural, there will be a great influence on the other. It’s more complicated to accomplish peace than we think since complicated tribulations and innumerable bends have to be crossed. Searching for the best options for peace agreements, peaceful dialogues may be the best way to clarify and solve the heaps of agendas. Many challenges have to be shouldered. In the course of dealing with the risks, each person has to have the patience to open the door to possibilities. Negotiation could play a leading role. Youth should comprehend its reality.
Conflict is part of daily social life. Either it is within our family and community or in the national and international arenas. The vital thing is that how we resolve it is either a positive or negative matter. Sometimes it leads to positive results. Generally, dialogue and conversation reduce conflict and violence. Conflict and violence are born in the lack of democracy, justice, human rights, peace, education, employment, awareness, opportunity and so on.
Sometimes, if we fail to respect others’ identities, there are plenty of chances to lose respect for others and to end up in conflict. Similarly, ambition and ego play vital roles in the development of the conflict. Taking the example of conflict, violence and dictatorship in affected countries such as Nepal, negligence, avoidance and compulsive sacrifice never help to solve the problem. Rather, understanding each other’s common needs and problems, respecting each other, listening to each other and highlighting the wishes of the voiceless are the keys to solving problems.
People have to develop the habit of hearing others’ voices to minimize misunderstanding and conflict. At the same time, we have to allow uniform change (at the levels of policy creation, parliament or government) for all communities and groups. Furthermore, youth have to develop forums, organizations, institutions and committees at local, national and international levels for engagement and empowerment. This is because unengaged youth contribute to conflict and violence; there is a great chance for the exploitation of their power in such a situation.
It’s also the duty of the youth to promote and practice human rights and to develop a culture of peace and change the community for the better. Youth are forced and guided to revolt against the system or government, but only the adults guiding them are appointed to high posts. However, youths are more responsible and effective than them. Youth should be given equal opportunities for adults to increase their efficiency and interest in politics.
Youth are not only the leaders of the next generation, but they are also an integral part of society and the nation. They can make efforts to push their societies and the world toward the brightness of democracy. Youth have to build up a forum to encourage and support each other. Thus, they can work in solidarity with other young people who are promoting peaceful alternatives to violence nationally and internationally to protect and promote human rights. These kinds of activities may be a good example for any group that forbids any person to use weapons. They may encourage other people to raise their voices, endorse freedom of expression, institutional democracy and sustainable peace.
At the same time, the skill, enthusiasm and efficiency of the youth are misused in political, social and regional agendas. The youth should change the attitudes of those who regard them as death machines, easy weapons of violence and so on. Are violence and youth two sides of one coin? Is violence the character of youth? Can’t youth be involved in restoration and compensation work like saving humanity, building peace, the protection of kids, women and labour rights? The time has come for youth to prove that they also have compassionate hearts, adore their existence and have the spirit of saving this beautiful earth and set an example for human beings across the world. Youth should also prove that youth power can expend the greatest efforts to bring humanity together, restore peace and change the community and the world.
It is presently a major issue that the involvement of young people is an important factor in making democracy strong, reliable and lengthy. Youth have an opportunity to construct a wonderful innovative world. Jointly, they can make it happen or, together, they can turn their backs and accept the world that others create, whether good or bad. Lots of national and international forums bring together youth from around the world who are greatly inspired to be change agents for creating a better world for all. United, they can make a difference for the next generation.
To make democracy strong, youth understand the culture, individual perspectives and the reason for various conflicts and violence that occur in each area of the nation. Furthermore, the reason that governments, political parties and non-governmental groups are always mobilizing youth in the name of nationality, religion, political identity, superiority and so on should be known by us. Today’s youth want to participate in leading roles in political parties, governments and policy creation. The opportunities are the essential factors.
Country Case Study
Nepal, one of the developing countries of the world, has suffered from deadly internal conflict for ten years. The national treasury was depleted to maintain internal security, and a lot of infrastructures was destroyed by rival groups. Instead of uplifting the standards of the country by joint efforts, the Nepalese people and the king fought for power.
Nowadays, Nepal is marching onwards, blowing the whistle of peace. Successfully led by a grassroots people’s movement seeking to restore democracy and to form a republican government, Nepal may retain its title as the “Peace Zone.” The King has relinquished power, an interim government has been formed, a ceasefire has been called by the Maoists, and a peace process is seemingly underway. However, in cycles of conflict, such opportunities to gain peace are fragile. Demonstrations by the people of the Terai region and other disadvantaged groups articulate that there are still many marginalized groups who wish to have their voices heard and are demanding more inclusive political representation.
Reconciliation is necessary for national development, long-lasting peace, democracy and so on. Maoists are in government and out of the “jungle”, and their arms and weapons are under a UN monitoring team. However, they are still involved in conflict and violence in the name of the Young Communist League (YCL) and other organizations. Questions abound: how can Maoists join a democratic system? How will the Nepalese people forgive the Maoists their previous hate, conflict and violent activities? And how will they, too, participate in government? The answers to these questions will provide a good example to other war-torn countries for conflict resolution and reconciliation.
As lasting peace moves ahead and citizens discuss an inclusive vision of a new Nepal, we should listen to and implement civil society agendas. It is significant to listen to the voices and perspectives of the youth too. Not only have youth have been heavily affected by the impact of ongoing violence and human rights abuses, but they have also participated in tackling the root causes of conflict and promoting long-term stability and development. Youth should involve themselves in finding ways to ensure the democracy obtained at the cost of our devoted and courageous martyrs’ lives.
Democracy has completed its full term of 10 years after restoration in 1990, but the democratic process still seems ineffective in striking roots in society. There may be several explanations as to why the system has failed to deliver services. Still, for the people, ultimate stakeholders in this multi-party democracy, these explanations would not make any sense. They look for results and positive impacts in their day-to-day lives. They have not been able to improve their lot. If things are to deteriorate in the same way, the very survival of democracy might become difficult.
The political organs of government have consistently failed to deliver the justice and service that are due to the people. In the same way, the parliament is ineffective in discharging its responsibility. Their political calculations condition the attitudes of political parties and leaders in parliament in the power struggle. Nothing seems to be inspired by a desire to deliver justice and services to the people. There is a complete loss of ethics in political behaviour. The situation is getting worse and out of control, and it is time to ring the national alarm bell.
Authoritarian monarchical rule under the partyless political system was considered to be responsible for the bad political performance in Nepal. However, government party under the democratic setup is equally unable to change the course of the country from feudalism and authoritarian nostalgia. People’s aspirations for genuine democracy and good governance under effective public policy management are, therefore, frustrated. There is a kind of popular disenchantment in society. Corruption is institutionalized; it is widely and openly practised from the lowest levels to the ministries and the palace. The Maoists’ insurgency created a serious law and order crisis in the country.
The Nepalese people’s joy knew no bounds when they heard that they were, at last, going to breathe in the fresh air of independence. Every Nepali has seen a ray of hope that at last, they are going to march towards progress. After a crucial nineteen days of crisis and the bloodshed of several martyrs, the Nepalese were hopeful for a republican form of government.
There was a time when people abroad marvelled at how the diverse Nepalese were able to live together in perfect harmony. Now the situation of the country is just the opposite. Ever since Nepal was declared a secular state, communal tension has flared up. It would be good for the government to reassess the pros and cons of declaring Nepal a secular state.
The joy in the heart of the Nepalese knew no bounds when the monarchy was abolished as a clear mandate of the “Jana Andolan II”. Civilians were convinced that shah-kings were only interested in amassing property at the cost of the common people and that no leader who acted contrary to the interests of his own country and people had the right to remain in power. Everyone has equal rights in the country regarding freedom of expression etc., but it doesn’t mean that these rights should be misused to create revolt at such a critical point. The public should comprehend that they are here to create a peaceful and developed Nepal, not to terminate and spoil the remaining part too.
Instead of making controversial accusations and internal conflict against each other, the leaders should work together to keep the difficult situation of the nation in view and to form a new Nepal. This is only possible through the strong, united efforts and awareness of the youth of Nepal. To bring drastic changes to the country’s systems, management, developmental principles etc. a united people’s efforts and struggles are essential factors. The involvement of all political parties and youth, adults and older people will lead to the climax of our struggle. The enthusiasm, eagerness, abilities, passion, interest, curiosity, excitement, skill levels, capacity, and talents of youth are essential factors for the development of the country.
As we know, peace and development are closely related. A country can’t develop if the bulk of its funds are spent on maintaining internal security. The country can accomplish its developmental task peacefully only if it has democratic principles, a democratic system and democratic policies. For this to happen, the involvement of dedicated, patriotic, loyal, diplomatic, tactful and faithful youth is essential. It is necessary to move beyond the conflict and towards reconciliation, national development and democracy.